Haz Sheikh Zakariyya (ra)

Hazrat Shaikh Rahmatullah Alayh has stated in “Khasail-e-Nabawi” which is the Commentary of Shamail Tirmizi, that wearing the turban is a Sunnat “Mustammara” (perpetual). The commandment from Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam) about wearing the Amaama is also narrated, according to which Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam) has said, “Wear the turban and your forbearance will increase”. Someone asked Hadrat Abdullah bin Umar Radiyallahu Anhu, whether wearing the turban was a Sunnah. He replied, “Yes, it is a Sunnah”. In a hadith, Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam) has said, “Wear the turban, the Turban is a sign of Islam and distinguishes the Muslim from the disbelievers”. Hazrat Jaabir Radiyallahu Anhu says that when Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam)) entered the city upon victory of Makkah, he was wearing a black turban.

Hadrat Umar bin Harees Radiyallahi Anhu narrates, “I have seen a black turban on the head of Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam). It is stated in ‘Muslim and Nasai’ Sharif that Umar bin Harees Radiyallahi Anhu says that, “It is as if the scene in front of me, when the Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam) was delivering Khutba on the pulpit, wearing the turban and its ends were hanging in front of him between the shoulders”.

The practice of Hazrat Shaikh Rahmatullah Alayh regarding the turban:

Once Hazrat Shaikh Rahmatullah Alayh said with much grief and sadness, “Wearing the turban was always my practice, but just as my ailments have disabled me from doing many things, so too have they also made me unable to wear the turban. For many years now, my head is afflicted with intense heat, so much so that even in severe winters, I cannot use anything other than a light cap. Otherwise it was always customary for me to wear the turban (Ata’at Rasul)”. I, (Hazrat Sufi Muhammad Iqbal), can vividly recall the times before the partition (of India), when I got the blessed opportunity of meeting Hazrat Shaikh Rahmatullah Alayh for the first time. I found him seated on a bed wearing a black turban.

It is very sad that this Sunnah Mustamarra is being neglected, to such an extent that even in the winter period, wearing woollen caps is becoming common. The turban because of its shape covers the forehead also, and it loose ends provide protection to the neck from both heat and cold. These are the parts of the body that are usually affected by severe cold and heat. At this point, a word of caution is necessary. If following the Sunnah is evident in someone, but he is wearing a woollen cap, objections should not be raised about this. It is quite possible that the person has some valid excuse for wearing the cap. However, it is improper for those without a legitimate excuse to abandon this Sunnah merely on account of laziness. Particularly nowadays, when this Sunnah is generally being neglected, special care should be observed to practice it. In doing so, Insha Allah, there will be tremendous reward.

Extracted from HAZRAT MAULANA MUHAMMAD ZAKARIYYA RAHMAT-ULLAH-ALAYH’S ADHERENCE TO THE SUNNAH AND LOVE FOR RASULULLAH (SALLALU ALAYHI WASALAM) by Hazrat Sufi Iqbal Rahmatullah Alayh

In the last century, India has undoubtedly become an important center for the study of hadith, and the scholars of India have become well-known for their passion for religious knowledge. Upon them ended the era of leadership in teaching hadiths, codification of the special fields [funun] of hadith, and commentary upon its texts [mutun]. Such was their mastery of this science that Muhammad Rashid Rida mentions in the introduction of his book Miftah Kunuz al-Sunnah, “Were it not for the superb attention to detail in the science of hadith displayed by our brothers, the scholars of India in the present era, this science would have withered away in the eastern cities. And, indeed, mastery of this science has been waning in Egypt and Syria since the tenth century AH.” There is no doubt that Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyya was among the most distinguished hadith scholars of India and a great contributor in the service of the Sunnah. He was given the honorary title of Shaykh al-Hadith, or “Great Scholar of Hadith,” by his teacher, Shaykh Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, who recognized his deep insight, clear-sightedness, and extensive knowledge of hadith and related sciences.

Read more: Biography of Shaykh al-Hadith, Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi (RA)

Shaykh al-Hadith Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi

In the last century, India has undoubtedly become an important center for the study of hadith, and the scholars of India have become well-known for their passion for religious knowledge. Upon them ended the era of leadership in teaching hadiths, codification of the special fields (funun) of hadith, and commentary upon its texts (mutun). Such was their mastery of this science that Muhammad Rashid Rida mentions in the introduction of his book Miftah Kunuz al-Sunna, “Were it not for the superb attention to detail in the science of hadith displayed by our brothers, the scholars of India in the present era, this science would have withered away in the eastern cities. And, indeed, mastery of this science has been waning in Egypt and Syria since the tenth century ah.” There is no doubt that Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyya was among the most distinguished hadith scholars of India and a great contributor in service of the Sunna. He was given the honorary title of Shaykh al-Hadith, or “Great Scholar of Hadith,” by his teacher, Shaykh Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, who recognized his deep insight, clear-sightedness, and extensive knowledge of hadith and related sciences.

Lineage and Upbringing

He was born in the village of Kandhla (in Uttar Pradesh, India) on Ramadan 10, 1315 ah (February 12, 1898 CE). His full name was Muhammad Zakariyya ibn Muhammad Yahya ibn Muhammad Isma‘il, and his lineage continues all the way back to Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), the great Companion of the Messenger (upon him be peace).

Read more: Biography of Shaykh al-Hadith, Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi (RA) - II

Hazrath Sheikh's extreme Diligence in Acquiring the Prophetic Sciences His respected self has passed his entire life, from childhood to old age, in learning, teaching and writing upon the prophetic sciences.

Those persons only who have had the good fortune of reading his works can have a correct estimate of his labour and assiduousness in the acquisition of these sciences. In the works which he compiled in the Urdu language, he has collected and translated hundreds of Hadith on each topic in sweet and poignant a manner whereby there is such effectiveness in these books that hundreds of thousands of men have achieved the wealth of faith and certitude and of love for and obedience to Allah and the Apostle from them.

Even if one reads these books again and again one does not feel satiated. Due to this magnetic attraction and uncommon popularity the publication of these books of Faza'il (Merits) must have run into millions of copies, because there is hardly any book depot and press which may not have printed and published these books on their own.

Read more: Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya and his Conformance to the Sunnah

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