The first ten days of Dhu-al Hijjah are amongst the most magnificent days of the Islamic calendar. The Holy Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said:
“One fast during these days is equal to the fasting of one entire year and the Ibaadah during one of these nights is equal to the Ibaadah on Laylatul-Qadr.”
Every Muslim should therefore use this opportunity to gain this incredible reward by offering as much Ibaadah during this period as possible.
THE 9th DAY OF DHU-AL HIJJAH
The 9th day of Dhu-al Hijjah is called “Youmul Arafah” (The day of Arafah). It is the day when the Hujjaj (pilgrims) assemble on the plain of Arafah – six miles outside Makkah al-Mukarramah. There they perform the most essential part of their prescribed duties of Hajj, namely the “Wuqoof of Arafah” (the stay in Arafah).
THE FAST OF YOUMUL ARAFAH
It is Mustahab for those who are not performing Hajj to fast of this day – according to their own calendar. It may be that this day falls on different days in different countries, according to the sighting of the moon. In such cases the Muslims of each country should observe Youmul Arafah according to the lunar dates of their own country.
The fast of Youmul Arafah has been emphasized by Nabi Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam as a Mustahab (desirable) act. According to a Hadith, the fast of this day becomes a cause, Insha Allah, of forgiveness for the sins committed during one year.
As from Fajr on the 9th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, up until Asr on the 13th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, it is Waajib upon each Muslim to recite the Takbir of Tashriq in the following words:
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd.”
“Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest. There is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest and to Allah belong all praise.”
It is obligatory that this Takbir should be recited after every Fardh Salaah during the abovementioned period. It is irrelevant whether you are performing Salaah with Jama’ah or on your own. The Takbir should be recited either way. However, male Muslims should recite it in a loud voice, while female Muslims should recite it softly.