Islamic Calender

Extracted from Faza'il Amal, Children's Devotion to Islam

Hadhrat Rubbayi' bint Mu'awwaz (Radhiyallaho anha) (who was mentioned in the last chapter) says:
"Once the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) enjoined on us to fast on the 10th of Muharram. Since then
we have always been fasting on that day. Even the children were made to fast with us. When they cried out in
hunger, we diverted them with toys made of cotton flakes till the time of Iftaar.”


We learn from Hadith that the nursing mothers of those days would not feed their infants during the fast. No
doubt they could bear all this. as their general health and endurance were decidedly of much higher standard
than ours. But. are we really doing even what we can easily bear'? Surely we should not impose on our
children what they cannot stand, but we must tax them with what they can easily endure.

Unlike the month of Rajab, there are peculiar instructions regarding the month of Shabaan in the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.

Firstly, although it is not obligatory to fast during this month, it is a Sunnah and Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam is reported to have said that, after Ramadhaan, it is most meritorious to fast during the month of Shabaan.

Shabaan is the month during which a record of our deeds is being presented before Allah Ta’ala. Therefore it is the most favourable month in which we could fast. However, it is important to know that we should not cause any weakness to our bodies by fasting so much that we cause a deficiency in our fasts during the month of Ramadhaan. The fasts of Ramadhaan are compulsory, while the fasts of Shabaan are not. This is important to remember. Being fit and able to endure the fasting of the month of Ramadhaan is of the greatest importance. This is why Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has suggested that we do not fast in the second half of the month of Shabaan.

  • The animal that is going to be sacrificed should be fed and given water.
  • The knife that is going to be used should be sharpened beforehand, and not in front of the animal.
  • The animal should be laid down on its left side at the place of slaughter, face pointing towards the Qibla. دعاء should be read before slaughtering the animal.
  • Animal should be slaughtered quickly with a sharp knife. When slaughtering, cut all 4 veins in the throat or atleast 3 veins should be cut with 3 strokes of the knife. Don't cut any more than 3 strokes which will cause unnecessary pain to the animal.
  • As soon as the animal is cold, you should start skinning the animal. Do not skin the animal when it still has life, it should be completely dead before skining.
  • NOTE: age of animal: camel should be 5 yrs old, ox, bull, buffalo should be 2 yrs old and sheep, lamb, goat should be 1 yr old. The animal should be a healthy animal with no defects.


Dua before and after slaughtering:
اِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا وَّمَا اَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ اِنَّ صَلاَتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ للهِ رَبِّ الْعالَمِيْنَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه وَبِذَلِكَ اُمِرْتَ وَاَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ اَللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ

Trans: “For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth. And never shall I give partners to Allah. Verily my worship and my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. O Allah! this sacrifice is from you and is for you”.

Read more: Method & Duas of Qurbani

 Muharram is the month in which the Muslims begin their lunar year according to the Hijrah Calendar and it is also a sacred month in which all unlawful acts are forbidden – especially the shedding of blood.

Keep fast either, on the ninth and tenth, or the tenth and eleventh of Muharram. At least, fast on the tenth if not both days. Abu Qataada Radiyallahu Anhu narrated that the Holy Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has said:

It is my thought that, by fasting on the 10th of Muharram, Allah Ta’ala will pardon the sins of the past year.” [Tirmidhi]

Although the fasts of the month of Muharram are NOT obligatory, the person who fasts during this month is entitled to great reward from Allah Ta’ala.

Read more: Muharram

The following acts are some Sunnats on the day of Eid:
  1. To wake up early in the morning.

  2. To clean one’s teeth with a Miswak.

  3. To make Ghusul.

  4. To wear one’s best available clothes.

  5. To use itr.

  6. NOT to eat anything before the Eid Salaah.

  7. To recite Takbir of Tashriq in a audible voice while walking to the Eid Salaah.

 

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