Islamic Calender

As from Fajr on the 9th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, up until Asr on the 13th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, it is Waajib upon each Muslim to recite the Takbir of Tashriq in the following words:

 

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd.”

Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest. There is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest and to Allah belong all praise.”

 

It is obligatory that this Takbir should be recited after every Fardh Salaah during the abovementioned period. It is irrelevant whether you are performing Salaah with Jama’ah or on your own. The Takbir should be recited either way. However, male Muslims should recite it in a loud voice, while female Muslims should recite it softly.

 

For South Africa: Takbir starts on Thurs Fajr (25 Oct) and ends on Mon Asr.

 The first ten days of Dhu-al Hijjah are amongst the most magnificent days of the Islamic calendar. The Holy Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said:

One fast during these days is equal to the fasting of one entire year and the Ibaadah during one of these nights is equal to the Ibaadah on Laylatul-Qadr.”

 Every Muslim should therefore use this opportunity to gain this incredible reward by offering as much Ibaadah during this period as possible.

Read more: The Days of Dhul Hijjah

One can imagine the amount of time Ĥađrat devoted to worship  during the month of Ramadan by the following incident, as narrated by Ĥađrat in his Āap Bītī:

My close friend, Ĥakīm Ţayyib Rāmpūrī [the father of another of my close friends Shaikh ‘Āmir] came to visit me frequently in those days. He came for a very short time and was good at providing quick rundowns of the latest news, so he was allowed to visit whenever he wished.


Once, in Ramadan he came at 8 or 9 a.m. He said to Maulwī Naśīr,

“Open the door.”

Maulwī Naśīr responded, “It is Ramadan.”

He decided to knock on the door himself, but Maulwī Naśīr stopped him. Maulwī Naśīr explained, “If he is sleeping, you will ruin his sleep, and if he is awake, he is probably praying voluntary śalāt. So knock if you want, but you’re probably not going to get a response.”

Ĥakīm Śāĥib got angry and walked on to the school. On the way, he met Shaikh Manżūr Aĥmad Śāĥib who said, “Ĥakīm Śāĥib, what are you doing here? Don’t you know the Shaikh is in Ramadan?” Hearing this, Ĥakīm Śāĥib felt his anger towards Maulwī Naśīr cool. After this, he entered  upon Nāżim Śāĥib [the dean of the school] who was dictating letters at the time. Nāżim Śāĥib was surprised and said, “Ĥakīm Jī, what are you doing here? The Shaikh is in Ramadan.” 

Read more: An Anecdote: Haz Sheikh's Ramadhan

 It is commendable to keep six fasts during Shawwaal. Rasulullah Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said:

“Whoever completes the fasts of Ramadhaan and then adds to them the fast of six days during the month of Shawwaal, it will carry the Thawaab of fasting for the entire year.” [Sahih Muslim]

 This Hadith has described the great reward of the six fasts during Shawwaal. The scholars have interpreted this Hadith as follows:

According to the rules of Shari’ah, every good deed is rewarded ten times. Therefore, the fast of 30 days carries the reward of 300 days. If the fasts of Ramadhaan were to continue for six additional days, it would carry the reward to 60 days. This means that the total would stand at 360 days of fasting – which is the total number of days in one year according to the Islamic calendar.

Muslims should therefore seize this opportunity of acquiring this enormous reward from Allah Ta’ala. It is not permissible to fast on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr. Therefore it is advisable to start these fasts on the 2nd of Shawwaal and to keep fasting until the 7th of Shawwaal. However, if these fasts should be kept on any other six days of Shawwaal, it is hoped that the above requirement of the above mentioned Hadith may, Insha Allah, also be fulfilled.

 

(Extracted from Haz Sheik's Ramadhan of the Pious (Akaabir Ka Ramadhan)

I have written in AAP BETI No 6 under the heading of spiritual exertion, that while dictating the practices of Hazrat Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi in Ramadan, I wanted to note it down because of its relevance to the subject. There I wrote:


“His extreme exertion in spiritual exercises were such that onlookers felt pity for him. Such was he that in Ramadan, even when his age had advanced beyond seventy, he fasted the whole day and then in Owabeen, instead of six rakats, he used to perform twenty rakats, during which he never recited less than approximately two paras. So long did he stay in ruku and sujood that onlookers thought that he had forgotten himself. On finishing this salaah, he proceeded homeward to partake of the evening meal. Even during this time too he would not remain idle, but en route and waiting for the food etc, he also finished reciting several paras.

Soon he would commence Esha salaah and taraweeh, which did not take less than an hour or an hour and a quarter at least. Thereafter he would lie down at about half past ten only to rise again at about two O’clock or half past two for tahajjud. At times his attendants and assistants found him performing wudoo at one O’clock. At this time of the night he used to spend 2-1/2 hours to three hours in tahajjud. Sometimes it happened that an attendant would go to him at five O’clock to join him for sehri and would find him in salaah.

After Fajr he remained busy reciting wazeefas, wirds and engrossed in meditation until eight O’clock or half past eight. Then it was time for Ishraq salaah. Thereafter for a few hours he would rest.

During this time the mail would arrive and he would begin answering letters and writing fatwas or dictate them. Thereafter it was time for Salatul-Duhaa (Chasht), and on performing this salaah, he would have his daytime sleep.

Read more: The Ramadhaan of Ml Rashid Ahmed Gangohi (ra)

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