Islamic Calender

Rasulullah Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said: “There is no better time to perform Ibaadah (devotion) of Allah Ta’ala than on the (first) ten days of Dhul Hijjah. A day’s fasting in it equals the fasting of one year and a night’s Ibaadah in it equals the Ibaadah of Laylatul Qadr.” [Tirmidhi/ Ibn Majah]


Allah Ta’ala has taken an oath on the ten nights of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The ninth night (i.e. the night preceding the day of Arafah) and the night preceding Eid Day are especially significant. All these days are filled with special virtues. The observance of fasting on the ninth of Dhul Hijjah (day of Arafah) is a kaffaarah (atonement) of the sins of the past and coming year. Remaining awake on the night of Eid, while performing Ibaadah, is a source of great virtue and Thawaab (reward).


The takbeeraat of Tashriq

It is Wajib to recite the following takbeer audibly after every Fardh Salaah from the morning of the ninth of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafah) until the Asr Salaah on the thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah:


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd.”

[Quotes and Ahadith from “The Sublime Conduct of Nabi Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam (Ash-Shama’il al- Kubra)” – compiled by Mufti Muhammad Irshad Ahmed Qasimi mudda zilluhu]


The general trend during Ramadhaan is to “Fast to Feast”. We starve all day so that we can overeat at night. This is very much against the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam.

 Imam Ghazali Rahmatullah Alayhi writes the following: “Overeating is the root of countless sins. It leads to an urge to satisfy the sexual appetite and, when one is a slave of one’s sexual desires, his desire to attain wealth increases, as most sexual desires cannot be fulfilled without wealth. This person will then be in search of fame and worldly status, as wealth is more easily obtainable when one acquires a degree of popularity and fame. Now that the desire for wealth and fame have combined, a person will be on the highway of demoralisation, gathering pride, boastfulness, jealousy, malice, enmity and a host of other evil accomplices as he goes along. Eventually he will have all the perfect tools to destroy his Iman and he will be vanquished. This is why the Hadith declares that hunger is more rewarding.


Read more: Fasting to Feast

The practices of the saintly Elders during Ramadan have already been mentioned in the “VIRTUES OF RAMADAN”. Thereafter, while working on “AAP BETI” and upon the demands of some friends I also made mention of some of the practices and habits of Hazrat Saharanpuri (May Allah fill his resting place with noor). Now, because of the subject under discussion, I will again refer to those practices in the booklet.

A list of questions regarding how Hazrat Hakeemul Ummat Maulana Thanvi spent Ramadaan was sent to Kwaja Azizul Hasan Saheb. After receiving his reply, it was the request of some friends as well as my own desire to answer those same questions with reference to the Ramadan habits of Hazrat Saharanpuri. Hence, first of all, I shall write down those questions and then explain how Hazrat Saharanpuri, Moulana Khaleel Ahmad spent Ramadan.


Dearest Khwaja Saheb, (May Allah increase your worthy efforts). Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah.

On hearing that you have been residing in Thana Bhavan for some time, I was greatly pleased. May Allah grant you many degrees of spiritual progress. The reason for writing this letters is to trouble you about something special, and after much thought I have decided to ask you a favour. At this time there is perhaps no one who has a more intimate relationship with Hazrat Moulana (Thanvi) than you. Hence it will be quite easy for you. It is my desire to find out what are the general habits and practices of Hazrat Moulana during Ramadan.

Read more: Ramadhan of the Pious (Akaabir Ka Ramadhan) by Sheikh Zakariyya (ra)

  •   Through fasting, the Muslim learns to restrain his lowly desires.
  •   Carnal desires are weakened and the ability of inculcating Taqwa is created.
  •   The Door of Roohaniyat (the spiritual domain) is opened through fasting.
  •   The bond with Allah Ta’ala is strengthened and the Mu’min acquires a greater awareness of the spiritual and moral goals for which he had been created.
  •   The person who finds himself in Ramadhaan, the month of blessing and righteousness, but still spends his time in sin and disregards his duties and, because of his neglect, does not gain forgiveness, is one of the most unfortunate.
  •   Ramadhaan is the month of Allah’s Mercy. If this month is spent in evil and negligence, how can a person expect to be pardoned for his sins?
  •   Verily the most pitiable and unfortunate one is the one who is deprived of Allah’s Mercy during this month. (Tabraani)
  •   Fasting constitutes ¼ of Imaan.
  •   Fasting is ½ of patience. Patience is ½ of Imaan.
  •   Fasting creates a special connection with Allah.

    Read more: Benefits of fasting; Physical and Spiritual

Rasulullah Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “When it is the half of Shabaan (15th of Shabaan), stay awake during this night and fast during its day, because at sunset during this night, Allah Ta’ala’s special attention descends to the first sky and announces: ‘Is there anyone seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance, so that I can sustain him? Is there anyone who is troubled, so that I may remove his afflictions? This announcement is made until Subhu Saadiq’.” [Ibn Majah]

On this night the names of those who are to die and those who are to be born in the coming year are given to the angels. Our names may be written amongst those who are to die. Make dua that we may leave this world with Imaan. This is one dua that we should not be afraid to make, lest we die without Imaan and be doomed perpetually.


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