I think the subject of arrogance is fitting for this book considering its importance; among the sins it is the most dangerous disease not only in my opinion, but also according to the Quran and Sunnah. It is absolutely destructive in the path of tariqat.
Imam Ghazali dedicated an entire chapter in his book Ihya-ul-Uloom, in which he delineated the importance of this subject. He writes: Allah has stated the dangers of arrogance in many ayaat of the Quran. He says, I shall turn from My ayaat those who behave arrogantly on the earth, without a right…Only he who is truly great has the right to think he is great, and that is no one but Allah. (Bayan ul Quran)
In another ayah he says, “Thus, does Allah seal up the heart of every arrogant, tyrant.” In another he says, ‘Truly, He likes not the proud169.’ In another ayah he says, And your Lord said, ‘Invoke Me, I will respond to your invocation. Verily! Those who scorn My worship, they will enter Hell in humiliation!
And the evil of arrogance has been mentioned repeatedly in the Quran; and the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said in the hadith, ‘He will not enter Jannah who has a grain of arrogance in his heart.’
Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, ‘Allah says, - Greatness is my shawl and magnificence is my izaar (lower garment). I will throw in Jahannum anyone who tries to snatch anyone of these from me and will not care for the consequences.’
In another hadith the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, ‘Allah will throw facedown into Jahannum anyone with a grain of arrogance in his heart. In another hadith, the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, ‘A person exalts himself until he is written among the jabbareen (ruthless ones) and faces the same azab as them.’
In another hadith, the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, On the Day of Judgment, a neck with two ears by which it will hear, two eyes by which it will see, and a tongue by which it will speak will emerge from the fire of Jahannum. It will say, ‘three men are mine: every arrogant and obstinate person, the person who committed shirk with Allah , and the one who made pictures.’
The Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam also said, ‘Jahannum and Jannah had a debate. Jahannum said, ‘The arrogant and cruel people have been chosen for me.’ Jannah will say, ‘The poor, weak, and unknown people have been chosen for me.’
The Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, ‘Nuh (as) called both his sons at his deathbed and said, ‘I order you two things and forbid two things: shirk and arrogance.’
Abu Hurairah Radiyallahu 'anhu narrates the Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, ‘The tyrants and arrogant ones will be reduced to the size of ants; people will stomp over them.’”
Imam Ghazali narrates many ayaat of the Quran and ahadith about the evils of arrogance.
Here, I mention a few of them: Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'anhu said, Do not ever look down on a Muslim because even a small Muslim is big in the eyes of Allah .” Hazrat Dhahab (rah) said, “When Allah created Jaanat I A’dan (Garden of Eden) he said to it, ‘You are haram upon every arrogant person.
The Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, “Allah does not even look at the person who arrogantly hangs his izaar so low it drags against the ground.”
The Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said, A man was walking arrogantly, his two shawls wrapped around him, when Allah pressed him into the earth (i.e., the earth swallowed him), and he will continue suffering this punishment until the Day of Judgment.
Hadhrat Mitraf bin Abdullah (rah) saw Muhallab walking arrogantly in a silk dress. Hadhrat Mitraf said to him, “O servant of Allah ! This swagger of yours is disliked by Allah and his Blessed Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.” Muhallab asked, “Do you know who I am?” He replied, I know very well who you are. Your beginning was a drop of semen and your end is a corpse that everyone hates, and in between these two stages you carry filth in your stomach. Muhallab left his haughtiness and walked away.
Shari’ah and Tariqat:
Inseparable and Indivisible
By Shaikh-ul-Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariya