The Qunoote Naazilah began in the fourth year after Hijrat in the month of Safar. The tribe of Ri’l, Zakwaan, Usayya and Banu Liyaan requested help from Rasulullah Sallaluhu Alayhi Wasalam against the enemies. These tribes claimed to be Muslims.
In response to this request, Rasulullah Sallaluhu Alayhi Wasalam dispatched a contingent of 70 Sahaabah, all of whom were Qaaris (experts in the recitation of the Qur’aan) to assist them.
These Sahaabah used to earn their livelihood by collecting and selling firewood during the day and their nights would be spent in Ibaadat.
When this group reached a place called ‘Bi’r Ma’oonah’, they were ambushed by these very tribes who claimed to be Muslims and had requested assistance. In actual fact, these people were not Muslims.
All these Sahaabah were slain by these people. Before they were so brutally massacred, they made Du’aa unto Allah to inform Rasulullah Sallaluhu Alayhi Wasalam about their plight. Allah did so through Wahi (revelation). When the Prophet Sallaluhu Alayhi Wasalam received this tragic news, with tears in his eyes, he informed the Sahaabah, saying, “Your brethren have been slain.”
Thereafter, for one month Rasulullah Sallaluhu Alayhi Wasalam recited the Qunoote Naazilaah in the Fajr Salaah, cursing these tribes and asking Allah for their destruction. After a month the Qunoot was stopped. Hadhrat Anas Radiallahu anhu says that this was when the Qunoot was first started.
TRANSLATION OF THE QUNOOT
O, Allah, guide us aright along with those who have been rightly guided
and grant us safety along with those that have been granted safety
and support us along with those that have been supported
and add Your Blessings to what You have given us
and save us from the harmful effects of what You have ordained ( i.e. lest I should be wanting in cheerfully submitting to your Decrees) as You alone disposes and no one can dispose against You.
Anyone who is under Your Protection cannot be lowered
and anyone who is opposed by You cannot gain dignity;
our Lord; You are full of blessings and Most High,
we beg forgiveness from You and repent before You
and may the blessings of Allah be showered on the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).
O Allah, forgive us and the believing men and women and Muslim men and women,
unite their hearts with mutual love,
set right their mutual affairs and help them against theirs and Your enemy.
O Allah, let Your curse be on those unbelievers who prevent people from treading Your path,
who reject Your prophets and fight Your chosen ones.
O Allah, make difficult their plans, shake their feet
and give them such punishment which is not turned away from a sinning people.