Maulana Merati in his biography of Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi (rah), Tazkiratul Rashid, quotes him on this subject. Maulana Merati says,

“I found a note in which Hadhrat Gangohi scribbled something with his own hands. He wrote it sometime in his early years for some unknown reason.” He wrote:

“The name of the science of the sufiah is the inward and outward knowledge of Deen and strength of belief and this is the greatest of sciences. The way of the sufiah is perfecting their morals and to be perpetually absorbed in Allah. The essence of tasawwuf is to be embellished with the akhlaaq of Allah, to eliminate the will of the self, and a perpetual infatuation to please Allah. The morals of the sufiah are the same as that of the Blessed Prophet Sallaluhu alayhi wasalam as mentioned in the Quran, “Undoubtedly, you are of a great moral character.”

All that is mentioned in the hadith is also inclusive of the morals of the sufiah.

Here is a description of the morals of the sufiah:
1. To think lowly of oneself and this is the opposite of arrogance
2. To be compassionate to the creation of Allah I and to overlook the transgressions of the creation against oneself
3. To treat others with kindness and warmth and to avoid anger and irateness
4. To sympathize with others and to prefer them over oneself because of one’s overwhelming love for them, this means to favor the rights of others over one’s own rights
5. To be generous
6. To forgive others and to overlook their mistakes
7. To be sanguine and cheerful
8. To be soft-spoken
9. To avoid ostentation
10. To spend without stinginess and to avoid spending to the extent that one becomes needy
11. Reliance on the Creator
12. To be content upon whatever little of the dunya one possesses
13. To be austere
14. To avoid arguments and altercations and to avoid criticizing another unless it is with haqq
15. To avoid jealousy or hatred of another
16. To fulfill promises
17. Forbearance
18. To have insight
19. To love fellow Muslims and to have good relations with them and to avoid others
20. To be grateful when someone does a favor
21. To exhaust oneself for the good of other Muslims


Regarding akhlaaq (moral character), the sufi purifies his inward and outward and tasawwuf is the name of adab (etiquette and moral perfection). Adab of the Creator is to turn away from everyone besides the Creator out of modesty, awe, and fear of His might. The worst of sins is to deliberate with the nafs which spreads darkness over the heart.

Extracted from Shari’ah and Tariqat: Inseparable and Indivisible
By Shaikh-ul-Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariya

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