Tasawuf

The objective of enthusiasm is Amal (to practice on the Ahkaam of this Deen). The objective of Amal is not to attain enthusiasm (or some spiritual state – Kaifiyat). As long as there is consistency in Amal, the Maqsood (objective) has been achieved – even if the Amal is not accompanied by enthusiasm (or some other spiritual condition such as pleasure or elation).

One should not be grieved over one’s failure to attain any spiritual condition (Kaifiyat). What is important is to ensure that there is no deficiency in Amal.

The goal of Sulook is the attainment of the Pleasure of Allah. For this purpose there are two prerequisites:

  1. Knowledge of the Path (Tareeq).
  2. Giving practical expression to this knowledge.

The Tareeq (Path) is nothing other than resolute adherence to the Ahkaam-e-Zaahirah and Ahkaam-e-Baatinah. There are two things which will assist the seeker (Saalik) in this:

(1) Continuous Thikr and (2) remaining in the companionship of the pious as much as possible. If such a Suhbat (companionship) is not attainable, then reading the works of the Auliya will be a substitute.

 

Two things are obstacles in the Tareeq: Sins, and involvement in futility. Only one act is beneficial for all this and that is to keep your Shaykh informed of your condition. Thereafter remains the natural ability of the Saalik. His progress is dependent on his own ability.

Ahkaam-e-Zaahirah refers to the physical and practical deeds of the Shari’ah, such as Salaah, Saum, rules pertaining to dealings, etc.

Ahkaam-e-Baatinah refers to morality, character, purity of heart and the like.

Hazrat Ibne Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) says: "I was one among ten people who came into the presence of Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). One Ansari stood up and asked Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): "Who is the most intelligent and careful person?"
Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: "Those people who remember death most and prepare for it most. These are people who have excelled in the nobility of this world and the honour of the hereafter." [Reported by Ibne Abud Dunyaa and Tabraani in Jaamizlos Sagheer with a good chain of narration. Ibne Maajah has reported it briefly with a good chain of narration as it appears in Targheeb. ]

Commentary
Many Ahadeeth under different topics have been narrated from Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) regarding the remembrance of death. Some of these narrations have already been mentioned under the Hadeeth of restraining hopes. Amongst them the commands of Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has been mentioned in different narrations that remember the breaker of pleasures excessively, i.e., death. I am mentioning this topic separately because of the importance given to it by Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Excessive remembrance of death is a means of

1. restraining hopes;
2. preparing for death;
3. non-attachment towards the world (which is the actual object);
4. to prevent amassing unused wealth;
5. helps to gather a treasure for the hereafier;
6. a thing which encourages repentance from sin and
7. a prevention from oppressing others and not fulfilling their rights.

Read more: Remembrance of Death

Tawfeeq and consistency is a sign of acceptance. If a man has cultivated even a little affinity with Allah Ta’ala, he will perceive a variety of mercies of Allah Ta’ala. Hadhrat Haji Sahib rahimahullāh would say that consistency in any Amal (Deeni act) is a sign of acceptance. Sometimes the magnetism in A’maal-e-Saalihah is so powerful that a man is unable to abandon these virtuous deeds (regardless of the agitation and contrary demands of his nafs).

Sayyid Shams al-Hasan, a resident of Galawati, under the municipality of Riwan, expressed his sorrow over not acquiring any waridat (supernatural occurrences and experiences). Hadrat wrote the following reply to him. This concise and comprehensive letter is worthy of being written in gold.

To Sayyid Shams al-Hasan Sahib, may Allah protect him. As-salamu' alaykum.

I received your letter and was pleased to hear that you are well. All praise is due to Allah, I and my associates are all well. You are constant with your twelve tasbihs (1200) of Alhamdulillah, but you are expressing remorse over the fact that you are not experiencing any waridat and halat (conditions). This is most sorrowful. Do you consider this bounty of Allah to be insignificant when He inspired you and enabled you to engage in twelve tasbihs of His dhikr through His kindness and affection to you? Dhikr is a document attesting to wilayat (close affinity and friendship with Allah). The person who is given the inspiration to engage in dhikr is as if he has received the certificate of wilayat. Conditions and waridat are neither the objectives nor are they experienced by every person. This is merely a child's play and desiring this is futile. You should be extremely grateful to Allah, for this wonderful condition of yours and do not consider this bounty to be insignificant. Expressing gratitude over a bounty results in additional bounties, while ingratitude results in withdrawal of bounties. May Allah save us from ungratefulness. That is all.

Wasalam

Khalil Ahmed
Saharanpur
1st Shabaan 1344AH

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