Muharram is the month in which the Muslims begin their lunar year according to the Hijrah Calendar and it is also a sacred month in which all unlawful acts are forbidden – especially the shedding of blood.

Keep fast either, on the ninth and tenth, or the tenth and eleventh of Muharram. At least, fast on the tenth if not both days. Abu Qataada Radiyallahu Anhu narrated that the Holy Prophet Salallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam has said:

It is my thought that, by fasting on the 10th of Muharram, Allah Ta’ala will pardon the sins of the past year.” [Tirmidhi]

Although the fasts of the month of Muharram are NOT obligatory, the person who fasts during this month is entitled to great reward from Allah Ta’ala.

Read more: Muharram

  • The animal that is going to be sacrificed should be fed and given water.
  • The knife that is going to be used should be sharpened beforehand, and not in front of the animal.
  • The animal should be laid down on its left side at the place of slaughter, face pointing towards the Qibla. دعاء should be read before slaughtering the animal.
  • Animal should be slaughtered quickly with a sharp knife. When slaughtering, cut all 4 veins in the throat or atleast 3 veins should be cut with 3 strokes of the knife. Don't cut any more than 3 strokes which will cause unnecessary pain to the animal.
  • As soon as the animal is cold, you should start skinning the animal. Do not skin the animal when it still has life, it should be completely dead before skining.
  • NOTE: age of animal: camel should be 5 yrs old, ox, bull, buffalo should be 2 yrs old and sheep, lamb, goat should be 1 yr old. The animal should be a healthy animal with no defects.

Dua before and after slaughtering:
اِنِّى وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا وَّمَا اَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ اِنَّ صَلاَتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ للهِ رَبِّ الْعالَمِيْنَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه وَبِذَلِكَ اُمِرْتَ وَاَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ اَللَّهُمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ

Trans: “For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth. And never shall I give partners to Allah. Verily my worship and my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds. O Allah! this sacrifice is from you and is for you”.

Read more: Method & Duas of Qurbani

The following acts are some Sunnats on the day of Eid:
  1. To wake up early in the morning.

  2. To clean one’s teeth with a Miswak.

  3. To make Ghusul.

  4. To wear one’s best available clothes.

  5. To use itr.

  6. NOT to eat anything before the Eid Salaah.

  7. To recite Takbir of Tashriq in a audible voice while walking to the Eid Salaah.


As from Fajr on the 9th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, up until Asr on the 13th day of Dhu-al Hijjah, it is Waajib upon each Muslim to recite the Takbir of Tashriq in the following words:


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd.”

Allah is the greatest. Allah is the greatest. There is no god but Allah and Allah is the greatest and to Allah belong all praise.”


It is obligatory that this Takbir should be recited after every Fardh Salaah during the abovementioned period. It is irrelevant whether you are performing Salaah with Jama’ah or on your own. The Takbir should be recited either way. However, male Muslims should recite it in a loud voice, while female Muslims should recite it softly.


For South Africa: Takbir starts on Thurs Fajr (25 Oct) and ends on Mon Asr.

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