(Extracted from Haz Sheik's Ramadhan of the Pious (Akaabir Ka Ramadhan)

I have written in AAP BETI No 6 under the heading of spiritual exertion, that while dictating the practices of Hazrat Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi in Ramadan, I wanted to note it down because of its relevance to the subject. There I wrote:

“His extreme exertion in spiritual exercises were such that onlookers felt pity for him. Such was he that in Ramadan, even when his age had advanced beyond seventy, he fasted the whole day and then in Owabeen, instead of six rakats, he used to perform twenty rakats, during which he never recited less than approximately two paras. So long did he stay in ruku and sujood that onlookers thought that he had forgotten himself. On finishing this salaah, he proceeded homeward to partake of the evening meal. Even during this time too he would not remain idle, but en route and waiting for the food etc, he also finished reciting several paras.

Soon he would commence Esha salaah and taraweeh, which did not take less than an hour or an hour and a quarter at least. Thereafter he would lie down at about half past ten only to rise again at about two O’clock or half past two for tahajjud. At times his attendants and assistants found him performing wudoo at one O’clock. At this time of the night he used to spend 2-1/2 hours to three hours in tahajjud. Sometimes it happened that an attendant would go to him at five O’clock to join him for sehri and would find him in salaah.

After Fajr he remained busy reciting wazeefas, wirds and engrossed in meditation until eight O’clock or half past eight. Then it was time for Ishraq salaah. Thereafter for a few hours he would rest.

During this time the mail would arrive and he would begin answering letters and writing fatwas or dictate them. Thereafter it was time for Salatul-Duhaa (Chasht), and on performing this salaah, he would have his daytime sleep.

Read more: The Ramadhaan of Ml Rashid Ahmed Gangohi (ra)

Rasulullah Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said: “There is no better time to perform Ibaadah (devotion) of Allah Ta’ala than on the (first) ten days of Dhul Hijjah. A day’s fasting in it equals the fasting of one year and a night’s Ibaadah in it equals the Ibaadah of Laylatul Qadr.” [Tirmidhi/ Ibn Majah]


Allah Ta’ala has taken an oath on the ten nights of the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The ninth night (i.e. the night preceding the day of Arafah) and the night preceding Eid Day are especially significant. All these days are filled with special virtues. The observance of fasting on the ninth of Dhul Hijjah (day of Arafah) is a kaffaarah (atonement) of the sins of the past and coming year. Remaining awake on the night of Eid, while performing Ibaadah, is a source of great virtue and Thawaab (reward).


The takbeeraat of Tashriq

It is Wajib to recite the following takbeer audibly after every Fardh Salaah from the morning of the ninth of Dhul Hijjah (Day of Arafah) until the Asr Salaah on the thirteenth of Dhul Hijjah:


Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallahu wallahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd.”

[Quotes and Ahadith from “The Sublime Conduct of Nabi Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam (Ash-Shama’il al- Kubra)” – compiled by Mufti Muhammad Irshad Ahmed Qasimi mudda zilluhu]


The general trend during Ramadhaan is to “Fast to Feast”. We starve all day so that we can overeat at night. This is very much against the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam.

 Imam Ghazali Rahmatullah Alayhi writes the following: “Overeating is the root of countless sins. It leads to an urge to satisfy the sexual appetite and, when one is a slave of one’s sexual desires, his desire to attain wealth increases, as most sexual desires cannot be fulfilled without wealth. This person will then be in search of fame and worldly status, as wealth is more easily obtainable when one acquires a degree of popularity and fame. Now that the desire for wealth and fame have combined, a person will be on the highway of demoralisation, gathering pride, boastfulness, jealousy, malice, enmity and a host of other evil accomplices as he goes along. Eventually he will have all the perfect tools to destroy his Iman and he will be vanquished. This is why the Hadith declares that hunger is more rewarding.


Read more: Fasting to Feast

  •   Through fasting, the Muslim learns to restrain his lowly desires.
  •   Carnal desires are weakened and the ability of inculcating Taqwa is created.
  •   The Door of Roohaniyat (the spiritual domain) is opened through fasting.
  •   The bond with Allah Ta’ala is strengthened and the Mu’min acquires a greater awareness of the spiritual and moral goals for which he had been created.
  •   The person who finds himself in Ramadhaan, the month of blessing and righteousness, but still spends his time in sin and disregards his duties and, because of his neglect, does not gain forgiveness, is one of the most unfortunate.
  •   Ramadhaan is the month of Allah’s Mercy. If this month is spent in evil and negligence, how can a person expect to be pardoned for his sins?
  •   Verily the most pitiable and unfortunate one is the one who is deprived of Allah’s Mercy during this month. (Tabraani)
  •   Fasting constitutes ¼ of Imaan.
  •   Fasting is ½ of patience. Patience is ½ of Imaan.
  •   Fasting creates a special connection with Allah.

    Read more: Benefits of fasting; Physical and Spiritual

Zikr Article Count:  12
Salaah Article Count:  3
Haz Sheikh Zakariyya (ra) Article Count:  12
Aap Beti - Extracts Article Count:  21
Sunnats Article Count:  16
General Article Count:  31
Spiritual Maladies Article Count:  15
Tasawuf Article Count:  27
Islamic Calender Article Count:  25
Stories of Repentance Article Count:  32

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