Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi (ra)

A gem from Mawaiz of Faqeeh ul Ummat Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi (rah)

Hadhrat Raipuri (rah) and Hazrat Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth  (rah)

Once, Moulana Raipuri  (rah) came to Saharanpur. It was the period of struggle for political power between the Majlis-e-Ahraar and the Muslim league. Moulana Habeeb-ur-Rahman Ludhyanwi (rah), leader of the Ahraar had also arrived. A khaadim of Moulana Raipuri (rah) , who was a resident of Baht and a supporter of the Muslim League, entered the room. Moulana Raipuri (rah) stood up out of respect for him. Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth Moulana Zakariyya (rah) also stood up. (At that time he was able to walk easily.)

This khaadim paid no attention to Moulana Habeeb-ur-Rahman (rah) nor did he shake hands with him. He completed his work with Moulana Raipuri (rah) and left. Afterwards, Moulana Habeeb-ur- Rahman (rah) said: "I think I have erred. When such a buzurg stood up out of respect, I should have also stood up. The point that prevented me from doing so was a Hadeeth of Baihaqi which states that whoever humbles himself before a wealthy person, a portion of his Deen is destroyed."

Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth remarked: "It is mentioned in another Hadeeth:

When an honourable person of a community comes to you, then honour him."

Moulana Habeeb-ur-Rahman (rah) then said, "Hadhrat, there seems to be a contradiction between these two Ahaadeeth. How do you reconcile between them?"

Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth (rah) requested Moulana Raipuri (rah) to elucidate on this matter. However, Moulana Raipuri (rah) insisted on Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth (rah) explaining the matter and reconciling between the two Ahaadeeth. Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth  (rah) agreed to reconcile between the two Ahaadeeth on condition that Moulana Raipuri  (rah) freely criticises his answer if need be.

"If the answer is correct, how can I say that it is incorrect?" objected Moulana Raipuri (rah). "I shall have to agree with it". Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth (rah) then explained, "The Hadeeth of Baihaqi states:

"Whoever humbles himself for an affluent person due to his affluence, two thirds of his Deen has been ruined."

One Hadeeth uses the word 'tawaadhu`' (to humble oneself) and the other has the word 'ikraam' (to honour someone).Humility is an action related to the heart. The heart has been created to humble itself, subjugate itself to Allah Ta`ala alone. As far as honouring someone is concerned, that is related to the external limbs.

Therefore, humbling oneself and honouring someone are two totally different actions. Thus no contradiction remains between the two Ahaadeeth."
All were extremely happy with this answer.

"I become so elated whenever I am able to reconcile between two apparently contradictory Ahaadeeth that I do not experience such elation in anything else," admitted Shaikh-ul-Hadeeth (rah).

This is what an aalim's outlook towards Deen should be. At every moment of our life, be it whilst walking, talking, sitting or eating, at every juncture, we must discuss `ilmi points and then point out the practice of Rasulullah (saw) for that specific action. The result of this will be that the lifestyle of Rasulullah (saw) will always be in front of us and we will realise that we have been created to lead our lives only in the manner shown to us by Rasulullah (saw).

Hazrat Moulana Thanwi (rah) has written that the aim of sitting in the company of the pious is not to gain knowledge but rather the drive to practise upon knowledge acquired. Hazrat Moulana Gangohi (rah) has written that when Ulama take bay`at at the hands of one who is not an aalim, their aim is not to learn masaa'il from him. No! Their aim is that the knowledge, which they had gained and were not practicing upon due to the laziness of their nafs, will become easy to practise after establishing contact with a friend of Allah Ta`ala.


Someone had once asked Moulana Raipuri : “What is nisbat?” Hadhrat Raipuri replied: “To be blessed with practising akhlaaq-e-faadhilah (good character) and carrying out good deeds is termed as nisbat.”

This means that one should adopt each quality of Nabi Sallalahu alayhi wasalam, carry out those actions that are pleasing to Allah Ta`ala and Nabi Sallalahu alayhi wasalam and refrain from those actions that will displease Allah Ta`ala and Rasulullah Sallalahu alayhi wasalam.

In short, this is nisbat.

It was the habit of Nabi  Sallalahu Alayhi Wasalam to enquire about those who were absent from the musjid. Once, Hadhrat Hanzhalah  did not come for salaah and Nabi  enquired regarding him. Abu Bakr  then went to his house for an enquiry.  On enquiry from his household, they informed him that he was seated in the corner crying away. Abu Bakr  went up to him and asked him the reason for him crying. He replied, “Hanzhalah has turned a munaafiq (hypocrite).”

Abu Bakr  asked him the reason for saying this. He said, “When we are seated with Nabi  then it is as if we are seeing Jannah and Jahannum, but no sooner do I come back home and get involved
with my family, these feelings no more remain.”

On hearing this, Abu Bakr  said, “If this is nifaaq (hypocrisy) then I am a munaafiq as well because this is also my condition.”

Thereafter both of them came to the company of Nabi  and explained the entire discussion. Nabi  said, “If the condition you experience when seated by me continuously remains, then the angels would greet you in your beds and on the road. (Mishkaat with reference to Muslim, Vol 1, Pg 197)

NOTE: This Hadeeth will be a means of consolation for those saalikeen who do not find the yearning and enthusiasm to carry out ibaadat as they do when in the company of their mashaayikh.

One popular explanation of the hadeeth: "Do not make your houses into graveyards." (Muslim Shareef, Vol 1, Pg 265) is that one should make it a habit of performing nafl salaah at home.

Another explanation is that one should feed the guests that come home. Guests should not leave one’s home without partaking of anything in the manner that one returns from the graveyard. One should at least offer them something to eat or drink.

Extracted from Malfoozaat of Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi (rahmatullah alayhi)

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